News and Document archive source
copyrighted material disclaimer at bottom of page

NewsMinewar-on-terrorisraelweapons-industry — Viewing Item

Rice pushes border deal on israel

Original Source Link: (May no longer be active)

Israel, Palestinians OK Gaza Border Deal
With a Shove From Rice, Israelis and Palestinians Reach Agreement on Opening Gaza Borders
The Associated Press

JERUSALEM - Prodded by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, Israel and the Palestinians agreed Tuesday on details for opening the borders of the Gaza Strip and allowing freer movement for Palestinians elsewhere, a significant step toward an eventual peace deal between historic enemies.

The agreement, which gives the Palestinians control over a border for the first time, took all-night negotiations and a strong diplomatic shove from Rice. The basic elements of the deal had been in the works for weeks.

"I have to say as a football fan, sometimes the last yard is the hardest, and I think we experienced that today," Rice told a news conference where she announced the agreement.

She praised the deal at a news conference as a "big step forward" in Israeli-Palestinian relations, bruised by nearly five years of bloody fighting.

"This agreement is intended to give Palestinian people the freedom to move, to trade, to live ordinary lives," Rice said.

While important in and of itself, the broader significance of the deal to free up Palestinian movement while satisfying Israeli concerns about terrorism is that it makes a statement of progress that goes beyond the technical details.

Rice, who had postponed a trip to Asia by a day, oversaw the marathon negotiations in a Jerusalem hotel, huddling alternately with Israeli and Palestinian negotiators in her suite.At one stage, a laptop was being passed around, with each side typing proposed changes into the proposed text of a deal.

On Tuesday morning, she met with Israeli Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz to finalize the details.

The agreement is a major achievement for the Bush administration that some hope will encourage the U.S. to become more actively involved in Mideast peacemaking after years of a hands-off approach.

The agreement provides a much-needed boost to the shattered Gaza economy. The deal also strengthens Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas ahead of Jan. 25 parliament elections and could help him fend off a strong challenge by the Islamic militant group Hamas.

Rice and international Mideast envoy James Wolfensohn badly wanted Israel and the Palestinian leadership to use Israel's unilateral withdrawal from the Gaza Strip last summer as traction for tougher peace negotiations down the road.

Cooperation flagged in recent weeks, and Rice's two days of meetings in Jerusalem and the West Bank were meant to push the two sides to settle nitty-gritty disputes over Palestinian movement in and out of the territory they now control. "Underneath what may seem like very small details there are hard issues," Rice told reporter.

She said she had about two hours of sleep.

Wolfensohn said the deal cleared the way for the international community to assist the Palestinians and help revive Gaza's economy. Donor countries have pledged hundreds of millions of dollars, but they money was held up by the lack of a border deal.

Under the agreement, the Gaza-Egypt border would tentatively open Nov. 25. It will be operated by Palestinian and Egypt border officials, under the supervision of European monitors. Israel had demanded veto powers, but in the ended conceded on the issue, said Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat. Israel will receive live transmissions via closed circuit TV from the crossing there, and can raise objections concerning travelers, but the Palestinians have the final say.

The European group will be headed by an Italian general, said Palestinian Information Minister Nabil Shaath.

Construction of a Gaza seaport is to begin soon, and Palestinians will be able to travel between the West Bank and Gaza in bus convoys, starting Dec. 15.

The deal came amid political upheaval in Israel that could topple Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's shaky coalition government. Sharon's junior partner, the Labor Party, chose a new leader last week who said he would pull the party out of the coalition.

Sharon's Likud Party is still deeply divided following the Gaza pullout. Several lawmakers in the traditionally hard-line party are still furious over what they regard as a tactical mistake and an emotional blow. Without Labor's support, it will be difficult for Sharon to maintain a parliamentary majority.

The Knesset, Israel's parliament, is scheduled on Wednesday to vote on a bill to dissolve parliament and force new elections. That could force elections within three months. The scheduled vote is November 2006.

The Palestinians have elections scheduled for January that the United States views as a test of the new leadership's democratic resolve.

Copyright 2005 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Copyright 2005 ABC News Internet Ventures

Britain gave israel nukes 1959 { August 4 2005 }
Fears israeli nuclear
Israel adds fuel to nuclear dispute { October 12 2003 }
Israel arms iran
Israel arms iraq { May 9 2002 }
Israel helicopters used by columbia drug cartel
Israel iran spy satellite plunges into sea { September 6 2004 }
Israeli speed of light processor military advantage { October 29 2003 }
Israeli surveillance drones thought to be armed { September 15 2004 }
Israeli weapons sold to iran
Israels nuclear history { October 12 2003 }
Maliciously israeli hightech industry { February 19 2004 }
Nuclear ready { July 4 2002 }
Nuke revenge { August 16 2002 }
Nukes for israeli subs supplied by us
Papers show nixons worry over israeli nukes { November 16 2005 }
Rice pushes border deal on israel
US arming israel with heavy bombs for war
US suspends some arms sales to israel over india china { June 14 2005 }

Files Listed: 19


CIA FOIA Archive

National Security
Support one-state solution for Israel and Palestine Tea Party bumper stickers JFK for Dummies, The Assassination made simple