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Correctional Population at 6.6 Million in 2001
Sun Aug 25, 4:40 PM ET
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The number of Americans in jail or under supervision by authorities as a result of crimes grew by 2.3 percent by year-end 2001 to almost 6.6 million Americans, or one in every 32 adults, the government said on Sunday.
The rise in the number of people in the U.S. correctional system was slower than the 3.6 percent average annual increase between 1995 and 2001, but the total number is a new high.
In all, about 3 percent of the U.S. adult population is in the U.S. correctional system.
Of these, 1.3 million were in prison, while 631,240 were in jail, the Department of Justice ( news - web sites) said. There were 3.9 million on probation and 731,147 people on parole, according to government data.
Probationers are criminal offenders who have been sentenced to a period of conditional supervision. At the end of 2001, at least one in ten of these had absconded, the government said.
Parole is a period of conditional supervised release following a prison term.
In the state of Idaho, one person in thirty is on probation. New Hampshire had the lowest proportion of probationers to its general population, at a rate of 385 per 100,000.
At year end 2001, one in five probationers were women, while one in three were black, Justice said.