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Time line { July 18 2002 }

Thursday, 18 July, 2002, 15:35 GMT 16:35 UK
Timeline: El Salvador

A chronology of key events
1524 - Spanish adventurer Pedro de Alvarado conquers El Salvador.

1540 - Indigenous resistance finally crushed and El Salvador becomes a Spanish colony.

1821 - El Salvador gains independence achieved from Spain, but joins the Mexican empire under the Creole general Agustin de Iturbide.

1823 - El Salvador becomes part of the United Provinces of Central America, which also encompass Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.


1840 - El Salvador becomes fully independent following the dissolution of the United Provinces of Central America.

1859-63 - President Gerardo Barrios introduces coffee growing.

1932 - Some 30,000 people are killed during the suppression of a peasant uprising led by Agustine Farabundo Marti.

Civil war

1961 - Right-wing National Conciliation Party (PCN) comes to power in the wake of a military coup.

1969 - El Salvador attacks and fights a brief war with Honduras following the eviction of thousands of Salvadoran illegal immigrants from Honduras.

1977 - Guerrilla activities by the left-wing Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) intensify amid reports of increased human rights violations by government troops and death squads; General Carlos Romero elected president.

1979-81 - Around 30,000 people are killed by army-backed right-wing death squads.

1979 - General Romero ousted in coup by reformist officers who install a military-civilian junta, but this fails to curb army-backed political violence.

1980 - Archbishop of San Salvador and human rights campaigner Oscar Romero assassinated; Jose Napoleon Duarte becomes the first civilian president since 1931.

1981 - France and Mexico recognize the FMLN as a legitimate political force, but the US continues to assist the El Salvadoran government whose army continues to back right-wing death squads.

1982 - Extreme right-wing National Republican Alliance (ARENA) wins parliamentary elections, which were held in an atmosphere of considerable violence.

1984 - Duarte wins presidential election.

1986 - Duarte begins quest for negotiated settlement with FMLN.

1989 - FMLN attacks intensify; another ARENA candidate, Alfredo Cristiani, voted president in elections widely believed to have been rigged.

Peace and natural disasters

1991 - FMLN recognised as political party; government and FMLN sign United Nations-sponsored peace accord.

1993 - Government declares amnesty for those implicated by UN-sponsored commission in human rights atrocities.

1994 - ARENA candidate Armando Calderon Sol elected president.

1997 - FMLN makes good progress in parliamentary elections; leftist Hector Silva elected mayor of San Salvador.

1999 - ARENA candidate Francisco Flores beats former guerrilla Facundo Guardado in presidential election.

2001 January, February - Massive earthquakes kill 1,200 people and render another one million homeless.

2002 March - US President George W. Bush visits, describes the country as one of the "really bright lights" in the region.

2002 June - Two retired El Salvador army generals go on trial in the US, accused of allowing the torture of civilians during El Salvador's civil war. The case is brought by three El Salvadoran citizens.

Chomsky salvador { December 7 1990 }
Cuba criticizes reagan for salvador war { June 7 2004 }
El mozote massacre { December 10 1981 }
General cleared churchwomen deaths { November 3 2000 }
Generals connected to soa found liable for torture { July 23 2002 }
Genocide { March 31 1980 }
Killing 4 women not policy { October 19 2000 }
Murdered nun case refused { June 5 1998 }
Negroponte knowledge of 1980s death squads { March 21 2005 }
Nuns raped murdered
Nuns [jpg]
Pentagon considers salvador option in iraq
Prey for nuns [jpg]
Rapist murderers of nuns in elsalvador released { July 22 1998 }
Romero { March 24 2002 }
Salvador commie threat just poor people { January 29 2007 }
Salvador newsclips { October 22 1987 }
Suit filed oscar romero death { September 17 2003 }
Time line { July 18 2002 }
Torture victims win { July 24 2002 }
US considers salvador option for iraq { January 10 2005 }
Us role death romero { March 24 2002 }

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