News and Document archive source
copyrighted material disclaimer at bottom of page

NewsMinecoldwar-imperialism — Viewing Item

Japanese american who fought internment dies { April 3 2005 }

Original Source Link: (May no longer be active)

Fred Korematsu, 86; Fought Internment

Associated Press
Sunday, April 3, 2005; Page C08

Fred Korematsu, 86, who unsuccessfully fought Japanese American internment camps during World War II before finally winning in court nearly four decades later, died March 30 at his daughter's home in Larkspur, Calif. He had a respiratory illness.

Mr. Korematsu became a symbol of civil rights for challenging the World War II internment orders that sent 120,000 Japanese Americans to government camps. His conviction for opposing the internment was overturned in U.S. District Court in 1983.

Mr. Korematsu helped win a national apology and reparations for internment camp survivors and their families in 1988. He was honored by President Bill Clinton in 1998 with the nation's highest civilian honor, the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Mr. Korematsu, the son of Japanese immigrants, was born in Oakland, Calif. He was living there in 1942 and working as a welder when military officials ordered all Japanese Americans on the West Coast -- including U.S. citizens such as Mr. Korematsu -- to report for transportation to remote camps.

Nearly all complied, including Mr. Korematsu's family and friends, who urged him to go along. He refused.

"All of them turned their backs on me at that time because they thought I was a troublemaker," he recalled. "I thought what the military was doing was unconstitutional. I was really upset because I was branded as an enemy alien when I'm an American."

He was arrested, convicted of violating the order and sent to an internment camp in Utah. The Supreme Court upheld Mr. Korematsu's conviction in December 1944, agreeing with the government that it was justified by the need to combat sabotage and espionage.

"There was evidence of disloyalty on the part of some [Japanese Americans], the military authorities considered that the need for action was great, and the time was short," wrote Justice Hugo Black in the 6 to 3 ruling.

Current legal scholars almost universally regard the ruling as one of the worst in the court's history. But it was not repudiated until the early 1980s, when American lawyers of Asian descent and civil rights advocates unearthed new evidence that undermined the internment order.

For almost 40 years, Mr. Korematsu did not talk about his experiences. In recent years, he remained active in civil rights issues, speaking out against parts of the USA Patriot Act that he believed violated the rights of Americans of Arab descent.

Survivors include his wife, Katherine, and two children.

2005 The Washington Post Company

180k east timorese slaughtered with US help
1996 intelligence community congressional findings
Accidental imperialist { December 30 2002 }
Britain torture camp photos revealed { April 3 2006 }
Carter legacy { October 18 2002 }
Castro at 12 asked fdr for 10 dollars { June 18 2004 }
Century [htm]
Cia asset blew up cuban airliner in 1976
Cia crimes report
Cia to declassify illegal abuses { June 22 2007 }
Civil military apart { October 18 1999 }
Congo bush gold funds civil war { April 6 2001 }
Coup coup coup { April 14 2002 }
Dramatic drop in conflicts since the cold war
Eisenhower british suez
Fdr churchill and stalin divided europe in 1945 { May 10 2005 }
Fdr cuba batista goodneighbor policy { April 9 1952 }
Fred korematsu fought internment of japanese americans
Gamal abdel nasser smear campaign { February 25 2003 }
Global economic history 1800 { July 26 2003 }
Japanese american who fought internment dies { April 3 2005 }
Judge decides if bay of pigs is terror act { August 30 2005 }
Judge looks if 1961 bay of pigs is terrorist act
Kissinger accused
Kissinger harpers
Kissinger irresponsibility own people { September 11 1973 }
Kissinger policies in lebanon { April 8 2005 }
Laos thailand
March 35th anniversary tlatelolco massacre { October 2 2003 }
Mark twain war
Mexico dirty war
Middleeast family dictators { December 11 2002 }
Mideast history { April 9 2003 }
Military wanted to provoke war with cuba
Nazi images outlawed germany
Operation paperclip
Palestine britian 1945
Papers on 1964 brazil coup declassified { April 3 2004 }
Papers show us support of 1964 brazil coup
Paul nitze architect of cold war { October 21 2004 }
Pope helped overthrow communism
Pri party rules mexico { July 5 2000 }
Probe ties ex president to 68 massacre { October 3 2003 }
Putin says US foreign policies worse than soviet { June 23 2007 }
Red scare to mccarthyism
Report reveals 1981 kgb plan to kill pope { March 30 2005 }
Seize oil planned during 73 crisis { January 2 2004 }
Skorea in 1950 slaughtered thousands of peasants { May 19 2008 }
Smedley butler
Sri lanka { September 18 2002 }
Suez end empire { March 14 2001 }
US britain france asked reparations for east timor massacre { January 21 2006 }
US detains former cia agent cuban terrorist { May 17 2005 }
Ww2 godfather

Files Listed: 54


CIA FOIA Archive

National Security
Support one-state solution for Israel and Palestine Tea Party bumper stickers JFK for Dummies, The Assassination made simple