News and Document archive source
copyrighted material disclaimer at bottom of page

NewsMinecoldwar-imperialism — Viewing Item

180k east timorese slaughtered with US help

Original Source Link: (May no longer be active),2106,3545456a12,00.html,2106,3545456a12,00.html

Indonesia killed 180,000 in East Timor
20 January 2006

CANBERRA: Indonesia killed up to 180,000 East Timorese through massacres, torture and starvation during its 24-year occupation, a report to be handed to the United Nations has found, an Australian daily said yesterday.

Napalm and chemical weapons were used to poison food and water and some victims were burned or buried while still alive, and others sexually mutilated, the Australian newspaper quoted the report saying.

It said 90 per cent of the 180,000 deaths almost a third of the pre-invasion population were caused by starvation and disease, saying starvation was used as a weapon.

"Rape, sexual slavery and sexual violence were tools used as part of the campaign designed to inflict a deep experience of terror, powerlessness and hopelessness upon pro-independence supporters," the paper quoted the report saying.

The Australian said the study was a United Nations document, but it was prepared by East Timor's Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation.

The 2,500-page report is based on interviews with 8,000 Timorese, refugees in Indonesia's West Timor, Indonesian military papers and foreign intelligence sources.

"Widespread and systemic executions, arbitrary detention, torture, rape and sexual slavery was officially accepted by Indonesia," the study said.

"The violations were committed in execution of a systematic plan approved, conducted and controlled by Indonesian military commanders at the highest level." Indonesian State Secretary Yusril Ihza Mahendra said on Thursday East Timor and Indonesia had already agreed to work together for reconciliation and solving problems.

"Therefore, there is no need to look at the past because it won't help. . . Better to look at the future," he told reporters when asked about the report.

"If we want to be fair and honest, Western countries had colonised Asia-African countries even worse." The report said Indonesian soldiers and police were responsible for about 70 per cent of the 18,600 unlawful killings or disappearances between the invasion in 1975 and a vote for independence in 1999.

The Australian did not say who caused the other 30 per cent, but pro-independence guerrillas fought Indonesian forces throughout the occupation of the former Portuguese colony.

Indonesian forces "consciously decided to use starvation of East Timorese civilians as a weapon of war", the paper quoted the report called Chega! (Enough! in Portuguese) saying.

"The intentional imposition of conditions of life which could not sustain tens of thousands of East Timorese civilians amounted to extermination as a crime against humanity."

The East Timor government has yet to release the report, which it received in October, but is expected to hand it to UN Secretary General Kofi Annan this week, the Australian said.

The report recommends reparations by Indonesia, and countries that provided backing for its military during the years of occupation, including Australia, Britain and the United States.

Indonesia invaded East Timor in 1975 after Portugal abruptly quit the harsh, mountainous area just north of Australia.

When Timorese voted to break away in 1999. it triggered a wave of violence by militias backed by Indonesian army elements.

The UN estimates about 1,000 East Timorese were killed in the violence, in which most of the towns were also destroyed.

Only a handful of people have been punished.

180k east timorese slaughtered with US help
1996 intelligence community congressional findings
Accidental imperialist { December 30 2002 }
Britain torture camp photos revealed { April 3 2006 }
Carter legacy { October 18 2002 }
Castro at 12 asked fdr for 10 dollars { June 18 2004 }
Century [htm]
Cia asset blew up cuban airliner in 1976
Cia crimes report
Cia to declassify illegal abuses { June 22 2007 }
Civil military apart { October 18 1999 }
Congo bush gold funds civil war { April 6 2001 }
Coup coup coup { April 14 2002 }
Dramatic drop in conflicts since the cold war
Eisenhower british suez
Fdr churchill and stalin divided europe in 1945 { May 10 2005 }
Fdr cuba batista goodneighbor policy { April 9 1952 }
Fred korematsu fought internment of japanese americans
Gamal abdel nasser smear campaign { February 25 2003 }
Global economic history 1800 { July 26 2003 }
Japanese american who fought internment dies { April 3 2005 }
Judge decides if bay of pigs is terror act { August 30 2005 }
Judge looks if 1961 bay of pigs is terrorist act
Kissinger accused
Kissinger harpers
Kissinger irresponsibility own people { September 11 1973 }
Kissinger policies in lebanon { April 8 2005 }
Laos thailand
March 35th anniversary tlatelolco massacre { October 2 2003 }
Mark twain war
Mexico dirty war
Middleeast family dictators { December 11 2002 }
Mideast history { April 9 2003 }
Military wanted to provoke war with cuba
Nazi images outlawed germany
Operation paperclip
Palestine britian 1945
Papers on 1964 brazil coup declassified { April 3 2004 }
Papers show us support of 1964 brazil coup
Paul nitze architect of cold war { October 21 2004 }
Pope helped overthrow communism
Pri party rules mexico { July 5 2000 }
Probe ties ex president to 68 massacre { October 3 2003 }
Putin says US foreign policies worse than soviet { June 23 2007 }
Red scare to mccarthyism
Report reveals 1981 kgb plan to kill pope { March 30 2005 }
Seize oil planned during 73 crisis { January 2 2004 }
Skorea in 1950 slaughtered thousands of peasants { May 19 2008 }
Smedley butler
Sri lanka { September 18 2002 }
Suez end empire { March 14 2001 }
US britain france asked reparations for east timor massacre { January 21 2006 }
US detains former cia agent cuban terrorist { May 17 2005 }
Ww2 godfather

Files Listed: 54


CIA FOIA Archive

National Security
Support one-state solution for Israel and Palestine Tea Party bumper stickers JFK for Dummies, The Assassination made simple