News and Document archive source
copyrighted material disclaimer at bottom of page

NewsMinewar-on-terrorchina — Viewing Item

China tests balliestic missile submarine

Original Source Link: (May no longer be active)

China tests ballistic missile submarine

By Bill Gertz

China's military has launched the first of a new class of ballistic missile submarines in what defense officials view as a major step forward in Beijing's strategic weapons program.
The new 094-class submarine was launched in late July and when fully operational in the next year or two will be the first submarine to carry the underwater-launched version of China's new DF-31 missile, according to defense officials.
"When fully operational, it will represent a more modern, more capable missile platform," said one official familiar with reports of the new submarine.
A second intelligence official said building submarines is a top priority of the Chinese, and the Type 094 will be "China's first truly intercontinental strategic nuclear delivery system."
The new Type 094 was spotted by U.S. intelligence agencies at the Huludao shipyard, located on the coast of Bohai Bay, some 250 miles northwest of Beijing.
The submarine is in the early stages of being outfitted and is not yet equipped with new JL-2 submarine-launched nuclear missiles.
The submarine is believed to be based largely on Russian nuclear submarine technology, the officials said.
A CIA report made public last week stated that Russia was a major supplier of technology to China's naval nuclear propulsion programs.
The launching of the new missile submarine appears ahead of schedule. A Pentagon report on Chinese military power made public in May stated that the new Chinese missile submarine would not be deployed until around 2010.
A Defense Intelligence Agency report produced in 1999 and labeled "secret" stated that the new submarine is part of a program by China of "modernizing and expanding its missile force."
"Mobile, solid-fuel missiles and a new ballistic missile submarine will improve the force's ability to survive a first strike," the report said, "while more launchers, on-board penetration aids, and possibly multiple warheads will improve its ability to penetrate missile defenses."
The DIA report stated that China is expected to field one new ballistic missile submarine by 2020.
A Chinese Embassy spokesman had no immediate comment.
In a related development, U.S. intelligence officials said the Chinese suffered a setback in their JL-2 missile program when a test flight of the JL-2 missile failed over the summer.
The JL-2 missile program was delayed by the test failure but is continuing to be developed, the officials said. China conducted tests of the JL-2 in 2002 and last year.
Richard Fisher, vice president of the Washington-based International Assessment and Strategy Center, said the launch of the new missile submarine is "an astounding development."
"The 094 has followed 093 development far more rapidly than the assessments in the annual Pentagon reports on the PLA," Mr. Fisher said, referring to the China's People's Liberation Army.
China also recently launched a new attack submarine known as the Type 093. Additionally, U.S. intelligence agencies were surprised by China's disclosure in July of a third new type of submarine known as the Yuan-class, a diesel-electric attack submarine.
"In the very near future, China will have a secure, second-strike nuclear attack capability that it will use to bolster its nuclear strategy of seeking to deter the United States from aiding Taiwan after a PLA attack," Mr. Fisher said.
Mr. Fisher said the JL-2 likely will have multiple warheads.
The new submarine will make it more difficult for the U.S. military to take part in a defense of Taiwan because of the threat of nuclear retaliation, he said.
The Pentagon has deployed a new missile defense system, but a spokesman for the Missile Defense Agency has said the current interceptor system is designed to stop a long-range North Korean missile, but not an attack from Chinese or Russian missiles.
A 1999 report by the House Select Committee on U.S. National Security and Military/Commercial Concerns with the People's Republic of China stated that the new missile submarine will likely benefit from stolen U.S. nuclear warhead designs.
The report stated that the JL-2 is expected to have a longer range than the DF-31 and that 16 JL-2s will be deployed on the new submarine.
The range of the JL-2 is estimated to be about 7,500 miles, enough "to strike targets throughout the United States," the report said.
"Instead of venturing into the open ocean to attack the United States, the Type 094-class submarines could remain near [Chinese] waters, protected by the [People's Liberation Army,] Navy and Air Force," the report said.
The new submarine will be a major improvement over China's current ballistic missile submarine known as the Xia, which is equipped with medium-range missiles.
The current Xia submarine is considered so noisy to underwater detection gear that its chances of surviving attack submarine strikes in ocean waters are limited.

Afghan china { January 24 2002 }
America helped restrict freedoms in china
Beijing crushes a student group
Beijing world threat
Bush says the spirit of the lord is strong in china
Bush taiwan
Carlyle group financially invades asia { February 14 2005 }
China and india cooperate on securing oil { January 12 2006 }
China assembles missiles facing taiwan
China boosts military spending
China buildup against us { May 16 2003 }
China cities scramble to manage mass migration { April 28 2006 }
China coul rule clothes market after 2005 { August 12 2004 }
China creating unprecedented pollution { August 25 2007 }
China criticizes US human rights
China detains 3 who criticized government { December 14 2004 }
China exports hurt by tainted products { June 28 2007 }
China has billionaire boom { September 2007 }
China land grab causes popular unrest { October 5 2004 }
China launches manned space mission { October 14 2003 }
China legislates force if taiwan declares independence
China military seeks comfort from high technology { August 1 2004 }
China orders probe on forced slave labor { May 2007 }
China prepared to use nukes if attacked over taiwan { July 14 2005 }
China president meets iran leader
China protests japan bid for security council status
China ramps up warnings to us about honk kong
China sets up riot police units { August 18 2005 }
China sets up squads to combat anti terrorism { August 18 2005 }
China stern warning { August 5 2002 }
China taiwan
China tests balliestic missile submarine
China threatens military force on taiwan { March 8 2005 }
China tightens political freedoms { April 24 2005 }
China to accept foreign private equity buyouts { June 6 2007 }
China to buy Kazakhstan oil { August 22 2005 }
China to privitize collectively owned land { March 8 2007 }
China trade surplus hits 80 billion in 2005
China unable to quench thirst for oil { January 20 2004 }
China unocal deal curbed by chevron { July 20 2005 }
China US rift after bush meets dalai lama { September 2007 }
China warns of military clash with taiwan { July 30 2004 }
China warship { March 26 2002 }
China wtc { September 11 2001 }
Chinese crackdown on tibet protests { February 2008 }
Chinese demand better english for olympics { April 11 2007 }
Chinese leader solidifies power { June 28 2003 }
Chinese police fire into village protest { December 9 2005 }
Chinese premier defends 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre { March 14 2004 }
CIA issues warning on china military effort { February 16 2005 }
Defense minister warned crush taiwan independence army day
Ehtnic clashes eupt in china 150 dead { October 31 2004 }
EU considering dropping arms ban { December 8 2004 }
EU to challenge US on china
General motors invests 3b in china { June 7 2004 }
Hong kong from british rule
Honk kong protests anti subversion law { July 1 2003 }
Honk kong residents spied for mi6
Honk kong stages massive march
Houses of china poor demolished by government { March 9 2006 }
Hu warns us { May 2 2002 }
Income gap widens in china
Iran urges china intervene palestinians
Japan prepares for china attack { November 8 2004 }
Joint china russia war games seen as message { August 17 2005 }
Millions join anti china protest in taiwan
Mugabe envisages world order header by china { December 3 2003 }
Oil and mercantilism for china { April 19 2006 }
Pentagon report concerned over china military rise { July 20 2005 }
Police raid china newspaper that reported sars { January 8 2004 }
Rupert murdoch business success in china { June 26 2007 }
Rural chinese leave home in search of better life { May 17 2006 }
Senior chinese ready for necessary casualties over taiwan
South industrial china town explodes with violence { January 17 2006 }
Starbucks wins china trademark lawsuit { January 2 2006 }
Taiwan china begin historic direct commercial flights
Taiwan president shot wounded before elections
Taiwan protesters riot police clash
Taiwan referendum could lead to war { December 3 2003 }
Taiwan says vote despite bush warning
Taiwan warned by us not to provoke china { December 9 2003 }
Thousands join anti japan protests in east china
Twice missile range { November 20 2002 }
Us penalizes iran missile aid { May 23 2003 }
US plans huge show of force in Pacific { June 30 2004 }

Files Listed: 85


CIA FOIA Archive

National Security
Support one-state solution for Israel and Palestine Tea Party bumper stickers JFK for Dummies, The Assassination made simple