News and Document archive source
copyrighted material disclaimer at bottom of page

NewsMinenature-healthhealthdiet — Viewing Item

Ape diet cuts cholesterol { July 23 2003 }

Original Source Link: (May no longer be active)

'Ape diet' cuts cholesterol as well as drugs do
Onions, barley, nuts, soy

Brad Evenson
National Post

Wednesday, July 23, 2003

A new Canadian study has found that eating an "ape" diet, similar to what humans consumed five million years ago, cuts down cholesterol just as well as pharmaceutical drugs.

The study, published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association, says a diet rich in nuts, fibrous grains and vegetable proteins -- what our primate cousins eat every day -- can prevent heart disease.

"The [apes] stuck to the same sort of diet -- we've gone to McDonald's," says lead author David Jenkins, a professor of nutritional sciences at the University of Toronto. "This study shows that people now have a dietary alternative to drugs to control their cholesterol, at least initially."

In recent years, statin drugs have earned widespread approval for potency in reducing artery-clogging cholesterol. An article on these wonder drugs graced last week's cover of Newsweek.

Until now, no diet had matched statins at reducing cholesterol. So the researchers considered what foods humans ate as we evolved.

"We went right back in time to, hypothetically, five million years ago, when the diet would largely be leafy vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds," Dr. Jenkins said.

"That's when the evolution took place. I mean, we're only 2% to 3% genetically different from the great apes, the gorillas, the chimpanzees and orangutans. Two or three per cent isn't much. It may take us to the moon, but it's not a lot in terms of the way your gut's put together and your metabolism's put together."

The study split 46 men and women with high cholesterol into three groups. One group ate a low-fat diet, while the second had the same diet plus 20 milligrams of the drug lovastatin, known by the brand name Mevacor. The last group ate the ape diet, designed to be easy to prepare and eat. It included such foods as oat bran bread and cereal, soy drinks, fruit and soy deli slices. A typical dinner was tofu bake with eggplant, onions and sweet peppers, pearled barley and vegetables.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration now allows sellers of many of the diet's foods, such as almonds, to advertise their products as cholesterol-lowering.

After four weeks, the special diet lowered levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol by almost 29%, compared to a 30.9% drop in the lovastatin group. Surprisingly, the diet also lowered the levels of C-reactive protein, considered a risk marker for heart disease.

Dr. Jenkins' team received a great deal of support from food companies including Loblaws Brands Ltd., which has patterned its healthy Too Good To Be True line of prepared foods on the university's research. The diet also includes Quaker Oat Bran cereal and other brand-name foods. Dr. Jenkins said that without the commercial help, the research would have been impossible.

Unlike other diets, this one did not leave people famished.

"The trouble was that the dieters were too full," Dr. Jenkins said. "We had to force-feed people to get them not to lose weight. So that is a problem. The diets are very filling."

For the roughly 50% of Canadian adults who are overweight, however, this might be a godsend.

Lipid researchers say a larger study is needed to confirm the Canadian one, but welcomed Dr. Jenkins' findings. In an editorial in the same journal, James Anderson, a University of Kentucky internal medicine specialist, notes many patients cannot tolerate statins. "For most patients, dietary intervention should be the first line of therapy," he wrote.

Copyright 2003 National Post

Copyright 2003 CanWest Interactive, a division of CanWest Global Communications Corp. All rights reserved.
Optimized for browser versions 4.0 and higher.

Adding milk takes the benefits out of tea
Almonds help lower cholesterol { July 23 2003 }
Any diet as long as you stick with it
Ape diet cuts cholesterol { July 23 2003 }
Athletes get ample protein from plant sources { February 23 2008 }
Atkins dead at 72 { April 17 2003 }
Atkins slips on ice
Broccoli can boost memory { September 27 2005 }
California approves soda junkfood ban { September 7 2005 }
Children under 2 drinking soda
Consumption bread plummeted over atkins
Diet cancer links revisited
Diet exercise stops diabetes for 14 years { May 22 2008 }
Diet linked to most preventable causes of death
Dietary panel industry ties { August 25 2003 }
Eat whatever except when depressed or not hungry
Eating fish reduces cognitive decline
Fighting cholesterol healthy diet
Firefighters in texas go vegan { March 26 2006 }
Green tea boost immune system { April 21 2003 }
Human evolution cant cope with fast food
Let food be thy medicine
Living foods better than western diet { February 13 2008 }
Low calorie diet study fruit flies { September 19 2003 }
Low calorie dietcontrols teens diabetes { February 24 2004 }
Medical record shows atkins diet guru overweight { February 11 2004 }
Mediterranean diet lengthens lives
Mediterranean diet live longer
Mental illness linked to bad diet { January 16 2006 }
Mushrooms and other natural ingredients for health
New diet guide puts emphasis on weght loss { January 13 2005 }
New research says soy at worst is still better { January 23 2006 }
Not eating all day saves heart { December 10 2007 }
Nuts lower blood pressure and relax blood vessels
Olive oil has pain relieving powers
Olive oil mediterranean diet best for nourishment
Olive oil wine may be key to longevity
Soy and goiter
Soy diet lowers cholesterol
Soy prevents osteoporosis after menopause
Soy veggies ward off lung cancer { September 28 2005 }
Study links high carb diet to weight loss
Study shows no benefit for lower cholesterol by drugs { August 31 2004 }
Sugar linked with mental problems
Tea drinking may protect against alzeimers
Toddlers eating fries and soda { October 25 2003 }
Too much sugar causing diabetes at young ages { May 24 2007 }
Two types of fat distinguish good and bad
Veg guiding light { June 10 2001 }
Vegans slow children
Vegetables could stem mental decline { October 23 2006 }
Vegetarian calcium better than milk
Vegetarian diet effective for heart as drugs
Vegetarian diet lowers cholesterol { July 23 2003 }
Vegetarians kill
Vegetarians score score higher IQ as 10 year old
Whole grains curb belly fat and inflammation
Whole grains reduces blood pressure
Whole wheat paste is healthier { September 21 2005 }

Files Listed: 59


CIA FOIA Archive

National Security
Support one-state solution for Israel and Palestine Tea Party bumper stickers JFK for Dummies, The Assassination made simple